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The Magic

Johnson Effect

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Today, we think of him as one of the best basketball players of all time. Yet, during his time at Michigan State University, Johnson scored an average of 17 points. Good, but many others have higher averages. 

Magic Johnson's collaborative, team player approach provided a value-add to every other player on his team.

As we think about educator accountability, how can we value our most collaborative teachers? 

Balancing Voices

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These goals complement the existing powers of school boards to make personnel decisions and of communities to elect school board members.  Thus, together with existing legal powers to elect boards that can dismiss educators, the BVF completes the set of checks and balances among the stakeholders.  See technical appendix B for an analysis of the legality of the Balancing Voices theory in Michigan. 

The integrated Balancing Voices Theory is shown at right.

  • Goals 1 and 2 together help educators avoid potentially polarizing whipsaw responses to competing demands for multiple reforms generated at the federal, state, or district levels.  

  • Goal 3 then provides for direct community involvement in school decision-making.

  • Goals 4 and 5 complement one another. In particular, if an administrator moves to discipline or dismiss a teacher perceived by other teachers to be ineffective, the other teachers may choose not to formally express a concern about the administrator.  

  • If no collective action is pursued, teachers’ inaction implies support for the administrator, without forcing the teachers to explicitly express their concerns about a colleague.  

  • If an administrator instead acts against a teacher whose peers perceive to be effective, teachers have a formal mechanism to express disapproval.  

  • In either circumstance, the Balancing Voices theory draws on the collective knowledge of the educators about one another (Grissom & Loeb, 2017; Harris, Ingle, & Rutledge, 2014; Jacob & Lefgren, 2008), and of the general value of peer-to-peer evaluation for professional adults (see the review in Gill, Lerner & Moesky, 2015).

The Legality of Balancing Voices

Public Employment Relations Act
Public Employment Relations Act

The Public Employment Relations Act (PA 336 of 1947), commonly known as PERA, was enacted to declare and protect the rights of public employees, which includes municipal employees, to organize and collectively bargain, and to prohibit strikes by public employees.

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Oversight
Oversight

Schools may determine the procedures for decisions concerning experimental or pilot programs.

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Goal 1: Agreement
Goal 1: Agreement

Goal 1: The majority of instructional staff must agree to a new reform prior to its enactment

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Goal 2: Time
Goal 2: Time

Goal 2: Prior to evaluation, schools must be given three years to enact a new educational reform

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Oversight
Oversight

The school may determine the procedures used for implementing evaluation.

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Goal 3 & 4: Community
Goal 3 & 4: Community

Goal 3 and 4: Community and teacher engagement may contribute a vote of confidence to the evaluation the school principal.

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Educator Evaluations
Educator Evaluations

PA 173 Section 1249b (2.1.d.iv)

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Oversight
Oversight

Annual administrator evaluations must include feedback from the school community which includes teachers, students, and parents.

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Goal 3: Community
Goal 3: Community

Goals 3 & 4 explicitly provide an avenue for community voice regarding school leadership.

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Goal 4: Voice
Goal 4: Voice

Goals 3 & 4 explicitly provide an avenue for teacher voice regarding school leadership.

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Educator Evaluations Part II
Educator Evaluations Part II

PA173 Sec.1249 (2)

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Oversight
Oversight

For teachers rated as minimally effective or ineffective), the school administrator or designee shall develop, in consultation with the teacher, an individualized development plan that includes these goals and training and is designed to assist the teacher to improve his or her effectiveness.

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Goal 5: Improvement
Goal 5: Improvement

Goal 5 designs a teacher evaluation and improvement plan with multiple checkpoints for improvement in alignment to state law.

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